Bolitho MD

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9834 Genesee Ave Ste 311 La Jolla San Diego, California
Phone: (858) 458-5100

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19Jan, 2017

Plastic Surgery Consultation: Plan Ahead

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Plastic Surgery Consultation: Plan Ahead

For some individuals, a new year means new possibilities. One pathway of possibilities may be aesthetics by way of plastic surgery. When one has located a board-certified plastic surgeon, the next step is scheduling a plastic surgery consultation.

It’s completely normal for a patient to feel a blend of excitement and nervousness at this appointment. Nevertheless, there are some things that a patient can do ahead of time to make the most of their consultation.

Karen Martindale is a patient concierge for San Diego plastic surgeon Dr. D. Glynn Bolitho. Dedicating more than 25 years in the cosmetic surgery industry, Ms. Martindale brings a wealth of knowledge to patients preparing for a consultation.

Ms. Martindale’s sage advice is to plan ahead.

Top plastic surgeons like Dr. Bolitho are going to be booked about four to six weeks in advance. So most of the time, a patient will not be able to walk in and request surgery the very next week,” Ms. Martindale said. “With that said, it’s never too soon to come in for a consultation.”

According to Ms. Martindale, some patients who want to learn more about liposuction or tummy tuck may think that they need to be at their ideal weight before their consultation. Ms. Martindale shared that potential patients do not need to wait.

“It’s always a great idea to come in for your consultation three or four months ahead of time so future plans can be made. Even though you may not be at your ideal weight, coming in and having your consultation is a great start,” Ms. Martindale said. “Many patients have also explained how the consultation served as a great incentive to help them achieve their weight loss goal.”

In other instances, achieving a certain weight loss for a particular procedure may not be necessary. Ms. Martindale shared an example such as for those wanting a neck lift or surgical facial rejuvenation procedure.

“If you’re within 10 to 15 pounds of your ideal weight, having a facelift may not make that much difference,” Ms. Martindale said.

Planning ahead is also needed if one is smoking traditional cigarettes or inhaling e-liquid nicotine while vaping.  Ms. Martindale wants potential patients to know that they need to stop smoking four weeks before and after surgery. And on a side note, Ms. Martindale happily reported how many of their patients never returned to their cigarette use.

Writing down questions ahead of time was also mentioned by Ms. Martindale.

“These questions can vary, but generally they range from recovery, when they can resume their exercise routines, and when they can fly,” she said.

For marathon runners readying for a future event, planning ahead on the opportune timeframe for surgery is important to address.

“Busy moms also need to coordinate their surgery time with their children’s schedules and possible childcare assistance,” Ms. Martindale said. “Another thing a patient will want to inquire is if their plastic surgeon will be out of town during the time they are interested in having surgery.”

In many respects, a plastic surgery consultation can help turn a possibility into a reality.

9Sep, 2016

A great skin care routine makes a difference

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A great skin care routine makes a difference

While individuals are incorporating a healthy lifestyle through diet and exercise, their desire to keep their skin looking youthful is also important to them. Many are beginning to realize that incorporating a great skin care routine compliments those health and wellness efforts.

As one ages, skin changes naturally occur such as the following:

  • Fine lines and wrinkles
  • Age spots
  • Lack of skin hydration
  • Loss of volume
  • Loss of elasticity

While the aging process impacts the above facial characteristics, it is also important to point out how the environment takes a toll on one’s skin.  For example, free radicals, pollution, and unprotected sun exposure can also accelerate premature skin aging.

Despite these daily challenges, one should not curtail their skin care energies but instead implement a regular regime for both morning and night.

Partner with a skin care professional

With a mountain of skin care products to choose from, the task of choosing the right skin care routine can be downright daunting. Teaming up with a skin care professional, particularly an aesthetic nurse specialist, is an exceptional choice.

A person of this magnitude and skill can perform a skin care evaluation and help map out the right morning and evening routines. They can also afford patients medical grade skin care products which truly offer users driven results.

Skin care plans are tailored specifically for one’s skin type and examples may include the following:

  • Cleanse – To prepare skin for topical treatments
  • Treat – To target specific challenges such as fine lines and wrinkles or hydration
  • Repair – To reverse skin damage such as the use of a retinol product
  • Moisturize – To add hydration to the facial canvas including the eye area
  • Protect – To implement a solar defense to help ward off future skin damage

Skin care treatments to reverse skin damage

The advantage of partnering with an aesthetic nurse also means that they are adept in particular skin care treatments that can help diminish the signs of aging. Even in cases where one has undergone surgical facial rejuvenation, such as a lower limited facelift, skin care texture still needs to be addressed.

Most skin care treatments can be performed on a monthly basis, but again, it’s all patient dependent. And some treatments can be done with less frequency. These procedures require minimal to no downtime and produce radiant results:

  • Dermaplaning: To remove the top layer of dead skin cells and vellus hair (peach fuzz)
  • Chemical Peels: To help rejuvenate the skin by diminishing the signs of fine lines, even out skin tone, and lessen the appearance of age spots
  • Micro-Needling: To help stimulate collagen and to deliver medical grade products into the skin for more luminosity.

In addition to these treatments, patients may also decide that they want to pursue cosmetic injections which may consist of Botox, Kybella, Juvederm, or Voluma to maintain their youthful skin care goals.

Solar protection bears repeating

While one is implementing a healthy lifestyle and skin care routine, a SPF sunscreen defense is of the utmost importance. When an individual turns a broad spectrum sunscreen application into a daily habit, they will invariably reap the rewards because of it.

 

 

27Jul, 2016

The Anti-Aging Skin Defense

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The Anti-Aging Skin Defense

For those who want to defy premature skin aging, there is an arsenal of tools which can help make that possible. From those twenty-something years and beyond, there is a youthful pathway for every age group.

Regardless of how ever old one is, there is a tried and true daily routine which consists of sunscreen. Apply a broad spectrum sunscreen of SPF 35 or more every single day and reapply throughout the day if spending time outdoors. Don’t neglect the neck and décolletage area.

And yes, take part in this daily routine even on overcast days.

For those in their late twenties and early thirties, aside from the above solar protection, many are seeking the help of a registered aesthetic nurse who can assist premature skin-aging prevention. While this includes finding the right skin care line, these skilled skin care professionals are also delivering Botox to future areas which could be prone to wrinkles. This type of strategy helps from having these wrinkles develop.

For those in their late thirties to early forties, additional skin changes may occur such as the following:

  • Decrease in elasticity
  • Wrinkles and fine lines
  • Uneven skin tone
  • Age spots
  • Uneven skin texture

While every person is different regarding their skin care type, an aesthetic registered nurse can help remedy these challenges in a variety of ways. As Botox helps smooth out fine lines and wrinkles along the forehead and around the eyes to treat crow’s feet, fillers such as Juvederm can help plump and diminish those marionette lines around the mouth.

When one reaches their mid to late forties and early fifties, they may begin to notice that there is a loss of volume in the cheek area which occurs with the natural aging process. Voluma is an injectable which affords patients with a wonderful option in restoring this volume.

Some nurses will recommend delivering Voluma prior to the Juvederm. The reason behind this is on occasion the Voluma can help remedy or lessen marionette lines by adding more volume and lift to the medial facial region. Again, this is all patient dependent.

While cosmetic injections continue to serve as a great anti-aging defense, there are other treatments that do an extraordinary job such as the following:

  • Dermaplaning as a way to exfoliate and remove vellus facial hair.
  • Chemical peels as a way to diminish fine lines, age spots, and even out skin tone.
  • Micro-Needling as a way to promote collagen and more youthful looking skin.

As one reaches their late forties and early fifties, they may implement the procedures just mentioned as well as a cosmetic injection named Kybella to help submental challenges otherwise known as a “double chin.” Kybella may take two to four sessions to complete, but the treatment destroys fat cells on the underside of the chin.

It’s important to note that while these nonsurgical treatments help a number of individuals, some patients prefer to have plastic surgery procedures such as a neck lift, lower limited facelift, or eyelid surgery for their aesthetic goals.

Despite whatever rejuvenation road one is on, there are a multitude of options to achieve youthful results.

11May, 2016

Skin care treatments following a facelift

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Skin care treatments following a facelift

Over the years, operative facial rejuvenation procedures have become incredibly refined. Be it a facelift or lower limited facelift, a board certified plastic surgeon can adeptly create both youthful and natural looking results. Operative facial rejuvenation is a blend of sheer artistry and skill. It requires years of dedication for a plastic surgeon to reach this level of perfection.

When a patient embarks on the operative facial rejuvenation journey, they will be delighted with their refreshed appearance. However, skin care treatment is an important part in maintaining those youthful results since a facelift does not alter the skin per se.

Different ways to enhance those facial features may include the following:

  • Chemical Peels
  • Dermaplaning
  • Botox

As mentioned, one way to rejuvenate the skin is by way of a chemical peel.

According to Elizabeth Reed, a registered aesthetic nurse who works for San Diego plastic surgeon Dr. D. Glynn Bolitho, a chemical peel can also help prepare the skin prior to surgery.

And following surgery, it can be an excellent protocol in controlling fine lines, wrinkles and brown spots.

“A chemical peel can give patients a nice healthy and youthful glow to their skin,” Reed said.

This type of luminosity is a skin care goal. According to Reed, following an operative facial procedure, she typically recommends a series of three chemical peels.

“You can space those about a month apart, and then the maintenance can be once every three months,” she said.

Another popular procedure that Reed likes to employ for patients is dermaplaning. Gently, she utilizes a stainless steel tool and delicately glides it along the face to remove both dead skin cells and vellus hair.

There is no downtime to dermaplaning and it can be performed on a monthly basis. With the right type of skin care navigation, an aesthetic nurse can map out the right anti-aging regimen. A few times a year, it may be suggested to combine both a dermaplaning and chemical peel. Performing a dermaplaning prior to a chemical peel will allow for better product penetration and optimal results.

“Following a dermaplaning, your skin is super soft,” she said. “So when you’re washing your face or you are putting on your makeup, you are noticing a wonderful smoothness to your skin.”

Another pathway for maintaining facial rejuvenation following a facelift or lower limited facelift is by implementing a regimen of cosmetic injections. Botox is highly sought after since it helps diminish the appearance of fine lines.

Every patient is unique and their skin care should be just as distinct. Prior to starting skin care treatments, an aesthetic nurse should thoroughly examine a patient’s face while listening to their patients’ skin care goals.

For Reed, this begins with makeup removal and then utilizing a bright magnifying light to afford a better skin care analysis. And then a suggested customized treatment plan can begin.

“It’s based on what the patient is looking for, and then I tailor the treatment for you,” she said. Reed added, “And it’s not always the same for everyone.”

Partnering with an aesthetic nurse can help achieve and maintain a youthful facial canvas.

23Dec, 2015

Holidays: Cosmetic Procedure Time

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Holidays: Cosmetic Procedure Time
When one thinks of the holiday season, they often conjure up images in their mind of shopping, decorating their home, office parties, and family gatherings. The holidays are a precursor to celebrating the New Year.

While these festivities move full steam ahead, a recent press release floating around cyberspace indicated that the month of December is also one where there is a marked increase in plastic surgery procedures.

Reporter, Rachel Gross from Slate, indicated to her readers that when she first saw the press release, she thought it was gag of some sort. But as she read on, she realized it was anything but a joke.

She wrote, “People really do get more plastic surgeries in December. Surgeons consistently report a surge in people coming to them for procedures at this time of year, with treatments and surgeries often increasing by 20 to 30 percent.”

So why is this so?

According to the research consensus on this subject, December affords so many people long stretches of vacation time, particularly toward the end of the month. For an operative facial procedure such as a lower limited facelift, temporal lobe lift, eyelid surgery, or neck lift surgery, there is some bruising and swelling which can last up to two weeks. Following this downtime, people can return to work with limited swelling and any residual bruising can easily be camouflaged with a touch of makeup.

And operative facial rejuvenation procedures are actually the most sought after during the month of December. During the holidays, avoiding co-workers and others during the recovery stretch can be done far easier than the rest of the year.

And for those interested in body contouring procedures such as a breast augmentation, a patient can be back to the workplace or even be part of the holiday festivities a week or so after her procedure.

And speaking of the holidays, gift buyers such as significant others are purchasing a “treatment gift certificate” for whatever procedure their recipient wants.

While operative procedures were mentioned in the research and media, it’s also important to point out the large role cosmetic injections have made in the world of plastic surgery. Many have opted to have either fillers or Botox done in the early part of the month to have them looking their best during the holidays.

Cosmetic injections require no downtime. Minimal redness and bruising may be apparent for some a couple days following the procedure. A skilled hand such as a board certified plastic surgeon or one of their highly skilled injectable nurses adeptly deliver fillers and Botox for optimal results and minimal side-effects such as bruising.

While one group has benefited from these liquid facelifts, others have chosen a series of chemical peels before the holidays so their facial canvas is smooth and luminous. Generally, it’s recommended to have a chemical peel about two weeks before an event.

The holidays are a time for celebration, but it also seems it is the time for someone to celebrate themselves through their own gift of aesthetics.

18Dec, 2015

Rejuvenation: A Temporal Brow Lift

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 Rejuvenation: A Temporal Brow Lift

A forehead lift is a common operative facial rejuvenation procedure, but another surgery which is doing an excellent job in providing a youthful appearance above and around the eyes is a temporal brow lift. This procedure, growing more in demand, helps restore a well-rested appearance which affords patients with a more renewed and younger look.

With the hand of an experienced board certified plastic surgeon that specializes in facial surgery, redundant skin is removed and muscles which are repositioned does smooth out and redefine facial contours along the upper portion of the face.

It’s also common for one undergoing a temporal brow lift to also have an upper eyelid surgery since they do complement each other. However, each patient has their own unique aesthetic needs, and this may not hold true for everyone. A consultation with a board certified plastic surgeon will help determine this.

Different from a forehead lift, the temporal brow lift only addresses the outer portion of the brows. Majority of brow lifts, also referred to as forehead lifts, elevate this area completely. However, a temporal lift does not. Instead, it only elevates about half of the lateral portion.

The surgical incision on each side, which is up to one inch in length, is discretely placed behind the hairline so scars are camouflaged. And as the name of the surgery suggests, the incision location is directly above the temple.

The goal of this cosmetic surgery is to provide patients with a more natural and open appearance of their eyes. Many describe the surgical outcome as a more relaxed and refreshed presence.

A consultation appointment with a plastic surgeon will help determine if a temporal brow lift versus a complete brow lift is the right procedure. During this time, the surgeon will assess the natural position of a patient’s brows by their height in comparison to one’s shape and orbital rim.

The plastic surgeon will gently perform this manually and may also take measurements.

Additionally, the surgeon will determine if the central brows are not in need of any operative elevation. If the central portion is in a good position but the lateral portion reveals a descent, then a temporal brow lift will be suggested to reshape the eyebrows and eye contours.

Many patients who decide to have this surgery often express concern at their consultation appointment about how their facial expressions appear to others. This may include the following:

·       Worried
·       Tired
·       Upset

The above characteristics are not what people want to portray to the workplace, family, friends, and new people they meet. Even more so, when they are well-rested, they are often asked if they are tired because they appear that way. Of course, these surgical candidates prefer a more positive looking appearance.

While patients are thrilled with their surgical outcome, they are also delighted with the fact that the surgery is considered less invasive which also affords them with less risks and complications. Again, in order to assess whether a person is the right candidate for this surgery, please consult with a board certified plastic surgeon that has extensive experience in operative facial rejuvenation.

23Sep, 2015

Halting the golden years with cosmetic surgery and procedures

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Sunset

It’s only natural that individuals want to look as youthful as they possibly can. However, coupling this desire with the need to look young in corporate America, there are a slew of baby boomers whose desire turns more into a necessity.

The corporate America playing field is rife with ongoing competition from recent college graduates. Those who have clocked in the years at their career want keep a strong foothold in their position as these new candidates polish their resumes.

While not necessarily politically correct, professionals in their forties and above are experiencing the need to have a younger looking appearance. From cosmetic injections to minimally invasive lower limited facelifts, patients are welcoming a newfound sense of youth.

In the Philadelphia Inquirer, reporter Erin Arvedlund crafted an excellent article related to this topic describing the above scenario as the “top anti-retirement expense.” People are investing in themselves in the workplace.

And this is a valid statement.

She interviewed a county assistant prosecutor who was incredibly candid about how she wanted to look her best in the presence of jurors. Appearance means a great deal to people “looking the part” from head to toe. It is what some professions require.

More importantly, some professionals don’t want to retire because they enjoy their work and current lifestyle. Their work may give them a sense of purpose.

On the flipside, as the cost of living and college tuitions continue to climb, workers may need to punch the time clock a little longer.

Frown lines and other wrinkles may give a stern expression which can be treated with popular cosmetic injections such as Botox and Juvederm. If one feels these injections are not providing an optimal aesthetic outcome, then a lower limited facelift and/or fat grafting is another excellent option.

A consultation with a board certified plastic surgeon can help navigate patients toward the right procedure(s).

In her comprehensive article, Arvedlund also interviewed a representative from the American Society for Aesthetic Plastic Surgery. Leigh Hope Fountain told the reporter, “Baby boomers are having a lot of work done to stay competitive in the workplace.” She continued, “It’s very ageist, but it’s the unfortunate reality.”

Over time, there has been a significant shift in patients. While women still predominately receive facelifts, men are now walking into the surgical spotlight. According to a plastic surgeon Arvedlund spoke with, the patient ratio of 15 women undergoing a facelift is compared to one man. Not too long ago, that ratio used to be 20 women for every man.

Realizing that cosmetic surgery for baby boomers is a consistent trend, it’s important more than ever in choosing the right plastic surgeon that specializes in facial rejuvenation. Microsurgical skills and advancements have been quite impressive over the years as are the swift recovery timeframes.

With that said, finding a qualified board certified surgeon through an organization such as the American Society of Plastic Surgeons (ASPS) is a great starting point for an individual just beginning their due diligence.

3Sep, 2015

Aging Population Considers Cosmetic Surgery

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Side view of smiling middle aged couple on beach looking off int

Polls and data are ever circulating revealing what is on the minds of Americans. One survey assessed how concerned individuals were with aging. In other words, what was their tolerance level in relation to the reflection in the mirror as the years pushed on?

For the most part, they weren’t quite lenient with themselves in this category. This self-perception branched out into areas of the workplace, romance, health, and more. While a breakdown of the survey is below, it appeared as if women were less accepting to the changes which went along with aging as opposed to their male counterparts.

Yes, while more men are seeking procedures for youthful rejuvenation, the percentages still remain higher for women.

The survey included a poll of 2,000 Americans and here were the findings:

  • 90 percent of females were considered to receive more pressure to appear more youthful.
  • Men received a 5-year gain for aging.
  • Results showed that women looked optimal at 30.
  • Results showed that men looked optimal at 34.

Allure Magazine championed this interesting poll. Their executive director, Kristin Perrotta wrote, “The survey definitely shows that aging, when we are talking about appearance, is a real emotional touch point for both men and women, no matter whether they are 20, 40, 60.”  She continued, “People overwhelmingly said they were concerned about the effects of aging. They were concerned about how it would affect their attractiveness to the opposite sex and particularly with women, how aging would affect their career.”

This type of survey truly gleans some helpful information not only for people with this mindset but for also plastic surgeons who are consulting with patients. They are able to intellectually and emotionally grasp what the aesthetic needs of their patients truly are.

Above all, people are taking great care of themselves through fitness, a healthy diet, and stress decompression tactics such as yoga and meditation. They are feeling younger than ever and they want that feeling to be expressed in how they look.

For many, cosmetic surgery is an extension of those personal goals and investment they want to make in themselves.

Some other survey results revealed the following:

  • One in 20 respondents did undergo cosmetic injections or plastic surgery.
  • Forty-two percent of women surveyed that they would agree to cosmetic injections or surgery to restore their youth.
  • Eighteen percent of men claimed they would consider cosmetic injections or plastic surgery.
  • Respondents thought they looked younger than their peers.

As mentioned earlier, while more women are seeking non-operative and operative facial rejuvenation procedures than men, the percentage of the male population is climbing.

For females, the operative roster includes eyelid surgery, liposuction, lower limited facelifts, and breast augmentation. Males leaned toward liposuction in the flank area (love handles) and also eyelid surgery.

As surveys continue to be published, the most important item to convey is that plastic surgery is a personal decision and no one should ever feel pressured. Being mindful and consulting with a board certified plastic surgeon is the first step in the aesthetic learning curve.

12Aug, 2015

The Stages of Facial Rejuvenation

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FreeDigitalPhotos by StockImages

FreeDigitalPhotos by StockImages

As time marches on, one may begin to notice changes in their facial appearance starting as early as their thirties. And with each decade that passes, more features alter a bit more. While sunscreen and solar protection help tremendously with a premature skin aging defense, the natural process of getting older will become evident at some point.

Venturing out into the world of cosmetic procedures, please partner with a board certified plastic surgeon. They are adept in these procedures and have undergone hours of education which underscore their skill in this field.

While every individual is different, including their personal aesthetic needs, there are some commonalities as one reaches those age-related milestones.

The Thirty-Something Years

During this decade, it’s more important than ever to establish an anti-aging skin routine. On the top of the list is applying sunscreen when outdoors. Reapplying sunscreen when one is outside is optimal for skin care health.

Today’s sunscreens are featherweight and work perfectly under makeup.

The most significant changes one will notice in their thirties are fine lines at the following zones:

  • Around the eyes
  • Along the forehead and between the brows
  • Around the mouth

To help lessen these lines, this is generally the moment when one inquires about Botox and temporary fillers such as Juvederm.

The Forty-Something Realities

During this decade, there is more evidence of one’s skin beginning to change and take on a new appearance. For example, wrinkles around the eyes, mouth, and forehead deepen a bit more.

Youthful volume may also begin to diminish around cheek area, too. The side effect of this natural phenomenon is actually deeper nasolabial folds.

Cosmetic injections still play a valuable role in this age range. In regard to the cheeks, Voluma is an injectable that adds volume to the cheek area for up to two years. While Voluma adds volume, nasolabial folds may diminish as the cheeks are raised upward; however, some patients still choose to have a temporary filler in addition to the Voluma to plump up these lines.

Another treatment many look into is a series of chemical peels.

For women and men who dislike the bags under their eyes, they may consider a lower eyelid lift also referred to as a blepharoplasty. The surgery really does give patients a renewed and well-rested appearance.

Quinquagenarian And Up

When one steps into their fifties, they may begin to notice that cosmetic injections may not be providing the results they once had. It may just be too subtle.

Areas of more slack skin and loss of volume can typically be found in the following areas:

  • Neck
  • Jawline
  • Cheeks
  • Upper and lower eyelids

When a patient is ready, an operative facial procedure may be the optimal pathway. Effective microsurgical techniques have revolutionized traditional neck lifts and facelifts. And when performed by a skilled plastic surgeon, the recovery period is swift.

Oftentimes, operative facial rejuvenation also involves a facial fat transfer. This is when an area of the body (the abdomen or upper thighs) undergoes a small amount of fat retrieval via liposuction, and then the fat is redelivered to targeted areas of the face for added volume.

With so much valuable information only a click away on the Internet, it is advisable for patients to do their due diligence. Online, they can research potential doctors, read patient reviews, and make certain a doctor is a board certified plastic surgeon through sites such as the American Society of Plastic Surgeons.

11Apr, 2015

Plastic Surgery Study Emerges With Interesting Data

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Group of medical doctors in laboratory. Scientific research.

In the 21st century, the advent of skilled microsurgical techniques has afforded many with the option of undergoing operative facial rejuvenation. Known to many as a facelift, surgical advances have enabled patients to reap great rewards, not only with a full facelift, but also procedures which are less comprehensive such as a limited lower facelift or a simplicity neck lift.

While many are celebrating this new fountain of youth via plastic surgery, a recent study emerged and was reported by Medical News Today. The study claims that plastic surgery is not defined solely by youth.

There’s more to it.

The research study was recently published in JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery. The premise of the study was using before-and-after pictures of ladies who had undergone a particular type or types of facial rejuvenation surgery. A handful of these procedures included:

Part of the study was analyzing these photos and determining in a control study group whether or not any specific personality traits were present for the viewer. These personality traits consisted of the following:

  • Likeability
  • Aggressiveness
  • Extroversion
  • Trustworthiness
  • Social Skills
  • Risk Seeking

These supposed “traits” were all based on the perception of others for an individual before and after their facial procedure.

Reporter, Markus MacGill of Medical News Today wrote that the aim of the study was to, “introduce the concept of facial profiling to the surgical literature and to evaluate and quantify the changes in personality perception that occur with facial rejuvenation surgery.” He continued, “The relationship between facial features and personality traits has been explored ‘by social scientists for many years’ but so far left out of the journals read by surgeons.”

The goal of the study was to branch out further than looking more youthful. That was only one element. They delved into the different degrees of features following surgery and discovered if they were impacted in any way.

The study included 30 women who underwent a type of facial rejuvenation surgery which were subject to evaluation. These ladies had undergone surgery between the years of 2009 – 2013.

Plastic surgeon, Dr. Michael Reilly of Medstar Georgetown University Hospital in Washington DC, championed the study along with other coauthors. Unveiled was a “significant improvement” in the traits of likeability and social skills.

On the flipside, however, there was a moderate to slight improvement for the traits of extroversion, aggressiveness, risk-seeking and trustworthiness.

MacGill extracted from the study that, “The comprehensive evaluation and treatment of the patient who undergoes facial rejuvenation requires a broader understanding of the many changes in perception that are likely to occur with surgical intervention. The face is not defined by youth alone.”

This study affords the best plastic surgeons pathways for their patients not only to look more youthful but to also rein in other personality traits which may impact other facial features following surgery. The goal of plastic surgery is to achieve aesthetic harmony on many levels.