Bolitho MD

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9834 Genesee Ave Ste 311 La Jolla San Diego, California
Phone: (858) 458-5100

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19Jan, 2017

Plastic Surgery Consultation: Plan Ahead

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Plastic Surgery Consultation: Plan Ahead

For some individuals, a new year means new possibilities. One pathway of possibilities may be aesthetics by way of plastic surgery. When one has located a board-certified plastic surgeon, the next step is scheduling a plastic surgery consultation.

It’s completely normal for a patient to feel a blend of excitement and nervousness at this appointment. Nevertheless, there are some things that a patient can do ahead of time to make the most of their consultation.

Karen Martindale is a patient concierge for San Diego plastic surgeon Dr. D. Glynn Bolitho. Dedicating more than 25 years in the cosmetic surgery industry, Ms. Martindale brings a wealth of knowledge to patients preparing for a consultation.

Ms. Martindale’s sage advice is to plan ahead.

Top plastic surgeons like Dr. Bolitho are going to be booked about four to six weeks in advance. So most of the time, a patient will not be able to walk in and request surgery the very next week,” Ms. Martindale said. “With that said, it’s never too soon to come in for a consultation.”

According to Ms. Martindale, some patients who want to learn more about liposuction or tummy tuck may think that they need to be at their ideal weight before their consultation. Ms. Martindale shared that potential patients do not need to wait.

“It’s always a great idea to come in for your consultation three or four months ahead of time so future plans can be made. Even though you may not be at your ideal weight, coming in and having your consultation is a great start,” Ms. Martindale said. “Many patients have also explained how the consultation served as a great incentive to help them achieve their weight loss goal.”

In other instances, achieving a certain weight loss for a particular procedure may not be necessary. Ms. Martindale shared an example such as for those wanting a neck lift or surgical facial rejuvenation procedure.

“If you’re within 10 to 15 pounds of your ideal weight, having a facelift may not make that much difference,” Ms. Martindale said.

Planning ahead is also needed if one is smoking traditional cigarettes or inhaling e-liquid nicotine while vaping.  Ms. Martindale wants potential patients to know that they need to stop smoking four weeks before and after surgery. And on a side note, Ms. Martindale happily reported how many of their patients never returned to their cigarette use.

Writing down questions ahead of time was also mentioned by Ms. Martindale.

“These questions can vary, but generally they range from recovery, when they can resume their exercise routines, and when they can fly,” she said.

For marathon runners readying for a future event, planning ahead on the opportune timeframe for surgery is important to address.

“Busy moms also need to coordinate their surgery time with their children’s schedules and possible childcare assistance,” Ms. Martindale said. “Another thing a patient will want to inquire is if their plastic surgeon will be out of town during the time they are interested in having surgery.”

In many respects, a plastic surgery consultation can help turn a possibility into a reality.

1Jun, 2016

Where Travelers Seek Plastic Surgery

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Where Travelers Seek Plastic Surgery

The news of people traveling to a destiny to receive cosmetic procedures is garnering more attention. While some people coin this as “medical tourism,” depending on the destination, it can very well be a rejuvenation vacation.

In a recent edition of Travelers Today, reporter Joseph Peter Capaque revealed the top destinations where people journey for cosmetic surgery.

These top countries include the following:

  • USA
  • Italy
  • Brazil
  • Colombia
  • South Korea

Before delving into the procedures patients seek in these countries, it is imperative to note that cosmetic procedures are medical procedures/surgeries so due diligence must be performed in locating the best board certified plastic surgeons for both safety and positive surgical outcome.

In the United States, patients are encouraged to seek doctors who are certified by the American Board of Plastic Surgery. Plastic surgeons of this caliber are highly trained, skilled, and are considered masters in their field of surgery.

While a doctor may be “certified,” if one is seeking a plastic surgery procedure, they must be certain that a doctor’s board certification is in plastic surgery.  In addition to test taking, it can require several years to become board certified. But this distinction gives patients peace of mind.

Yes, this research may take a bit more time, but it is worth every moment spent by visiting sites such as the American Board of Plastic Surgery and American Society of Plastic Surgeons.  Another important item to research is whether or not the plastic surgeon has hospital privileges. And if so, determining how those hospitals are rated is of additional importance. A top-notch hospital is as equally vital as finding a masterful surgeon.

So if one is seeking surgery in the USA, it’s highly advisable to perform the above protocol. And if one decides to visit other countries for plastic surgery procedures, it is highly recommended that they take great care making sure the facilities and surgeons being considered are up to par.

According to Travelers Today, those who seek a rejuvenation vacation in the states generally have the following procedures:

In Italy, the treatments people seek are cosmetic injections such as Botox and fillers as well as liposuction. The procedure of liposuction is also popular in Brazil as well as breast augmentations. Adjacent to Brazil is Colombia where liposuction is also highly sought.

South Korea has become one of the fastest emerging countries for operative facial procedures. Capaque reported that in addition to rhinoplasty and double eyelid procedures being on the surgical roster, liposuction was also a surgery which was also frequently scheduled.

As noted earlier in the article, safety is of the utmost importance so do take great care in finding the most experienced board certified plastic surgeon to carry out those aesthetic goals.

22Mar, 2016

Americans increase the price tag of plastic surgery

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Americans increase the price tag of plastic surgery

Over the years, plastic surgery has been fueled by several factors, but the leading demand stems from individuals who want to look as good as they feel. With that being said, the American Society for Aesthetic Plastic Surgery (ASAPS) recently released some data indicating the amount of money that Americans spent on plastic surgery procedures in 2015 reached an unparalleled all-inclusive price tag: $13 million.

Since ASAPS released this information, a handful of articles have followed highlighting different portions of the study. The data was incredibly concise, revealing the top-tier body and facial rejuvenation procedures that both men and women seek; however, women comprised 90 percent of the procedures underwent in 2015.

In 2015, a total of female Americans had 11.5 million plastic surgery procedures. And men tallied 1.5 million procedures.

Plastic surgery has become an important part of American culture, not to mention around the globe. But here in the states, many have suspected that Corporate America has fueled the desire to seek facial rejuvenation. For many individuals who have worked so hard to achieve their career status, a number of them want to retain their position and not retire. A group in this category view plastic surgery as an asset toward their extended career investment.

In the Washington Times, Jennifer Harper wrote a follow-up piece to the ASAPS data. In her article was a statement by president of ASAPS, Dr. James C. Grotting.

“I personally believe the motivating factors for that are varied, but remaining competitive in the workforce is certainly a common factor. Youth is a commodity, and people are investing in themselves to maintain a younger, healthier appearance,” Dr. Grotting said.

While different age ranges were assessed, 40 percent of patients between the ages of 30 to 50 took part in cosmetic procedures. For women, the top procedure in 2015 was liposuction. Following close behind was breast augmentation, tummy tuck, breast lift and eyelid surgery.

The procedures men sought differed; however, their number one procedure was also liposuction. Next was nose reshaping surgery, eyelid surgery, male breast reduction and facelift.

Although not in the top five for women, buttock augmentation and buttock lifts increased quite quickly in numbers, as well. And the demand is increasing.

Harper wrote, “The surgeons note that fat transfer to the face – a new category – ‘instantly’ landed in the top-10 list, as did nonsurgical skin tightening, a procedure particularly popular among men.”

Fat transfer in the face can be considered by many as being done in lieu of fillers. As one ages, they begin to lose volume in their face, particularly around the nasolabial folds and cheek area. While fillers can last up to a year or more, some patients are welcoming a fat transfer. Fat is extracted from a person’s body and then utilized to add youthful fullness to facial features.

In the non-operative sector, Botox led the way at 4.2 million procedures last year. Fillers trailed close behind as did other minimally invasive procedures such as chemical peels.

Be it operative or non-operative procedures, plastic surgery is filling an aesthetic niche for people of all ages.

7Mar, 2016

ASPS Unveils Data

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ASPS Unveils Data

The American Society of Plastic Surgeons (ASPS) is an authority when it comes to collecting information from its elite circle of plastic surgeons so it can generate statistical data. Every year both medical professionals and laypeople are quite interested in the results for their own personal reasons.

For plastic surgeons, they can gauge trends as well as the changes in their own practice. And for non-medical individuals, they have the opportunity to see what is deemed “popular and trendy” in the world of plastic surgery.

According to the press release issued by ASPS, procedures have switched gears in relation to cosmetic procedures since the start of the millennium. And these procedures fall into the categories of operative and other treatments described as minimally-invasive.

The survey revealed a robust total of 15.9 million procedures in both categories. From the data collected in 2015, there was a 2 percent procedure spike in the United States.

In the press release, ASPS president David H. Song, MD, MBA, FACS provided his viewpoint.

“While more traditional facial procedures and breast augmentations are still among the most popular, we’re seeing much more diversity in the areas of the body patients are choosing to address,” he said. Dr. Song added, “Patients have more options than ever, and working closely with their surgeon, they’re able to focus on specific target areas of the body to achieve the look they desire.”

While the press release was indeed filled with statistics, on the other hand, it provided an educational outlet. Interestingly the organization pointed out how in the past “plastic surgery” used to be tantamount facelift procedures. Yes, while facial rejuvenation is still a sought after procedure among certain demographics, other aesthetic procedures have made their own significant mark included the following:

  • Brachioplasty (arm lift)
  • Mastopexy (breast lift)
  • Gluteal Augmentation (buttock lift)
  • Lower Body Lift

According to ASPS, they compared patient stats from 2000. The numbers of arm lifts increased 4,959 percent with 17,099 procedures performed in 2015. Breast lifts increased 89 percent with 99,614 procedures performed in 2015, buttock lifts increased 252 percent with 4,767 procedures performed in 2015, and lower body lifts increased 3,973 percent with 8,431 procedures performed in 2015.

In 2015, the top surgical procedures in the lead were breast augmentation, liposuction, rhinoplasty, eyelid surgery and tummy tucks.

In the minimally-invasive category, it’s not surprising to discover that Botox was at the top of the list with 6.7 million treatments performed in 2015. The other procedures that followed were fillers, chemical peels, laser hair removal, and microdermabrasion.

Dr. Song made another critical statement regarding minimally-invasive procedures.

“The number of available providers, lower costs and the less-invasive nature of these procedures obviously appeal to a much broader range of patients,” said Dr. Song. “However, we urge anyone who is considering a minimally-invasive procedure to consult with a board-certified, ASPS-member surgeon.”

While these procedures are not deemed surgical, they are still considered medical procedures and should be carried out in a medical setting.

Like all ASPS members, Dr. Song encouraged patients to seek only the most “qualified and highly trained” medical professionals for these procedures. And of course, this holds true for all plastic surgeries.

As many begin to digest the newest data from ASPS, it will be interesting to see what 2016 brings.

27Jan, 2016

Comparing U.S. Cosmetic Surgery to Great Britain

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Comparing U.S. Cosmetic Surgery to Great Britain

It’s always incredibly interesting to see how cosmetic surgery trends in the United States compare to other parts of the world. Recently, the Telegraph in the United Kingdom wrote an intriguing article about cosmetic enhancements.

And quite frankly, the title of the article says it all: “Why are the over 55s turning to cosmetic surgery?”

Reporter, Saffron Alexander, begins the article by reviewing data from The Independent Pensions Advisory Service in Britain, otherwise known as TPAS. According to statistics, residents are enjoying their fifty-something years with purchases such as musical instruments, RVs, and telescopes to view the constellations.

However, another interesting find was cosmetic surgery spending.

Alexander turned to the United States, citing numbers from the American Society for Plastic Surgeons (ASPS). In 2014, the data collected revealed that Americans 55+ accounted for 24 percent of cosmetic procedures while those between the ages of 40 to 54 accounted for 34 percent.

Comparing the above information to The British Association of Aesthetic Plastic Surgeons (BAAPS) was informative. It appeared that plastic surgery percentages since 2013 have dropped 9 percent. The new mantra is “tweaked not tucked.”

In the article, the following BAAPS statement was included: “The demand for subtle, understated anti-aging procedures such as eyelid surgery, facelifts, and fat transfer remain largely unchanged, while more ‘conspicuous’ treatments such as tummy tucks and nose jobs are dropping dramatically.”

Alexander interviewed plastic surgeon and member of BAAPS, Naveen Cavale, who shared that this trend is more obvious for those over the age of 55.

“There has been a slight rise in the number of people aged 55 or older who are opting for cosmetic surgery. This could partly be because of the new financial freedoms they’re enjoying, but also the fact cosmetic surgery is no longer a taboo in society,” she said. Cavale continued, “It’s also much more affordable and accessible for the average person. The procedures we’re seeing most among the over 55s are things that contribute to facial rejuvenation. We’re seeing them opt for non-surgical procedures like fillers or Botox and other procedures such as facelifts or eyelid correction.”

Here in the United States, facial rejuvenation by way of lower limited facelifts, temporal brow lifts, eyelid surgery and cosmetic injections such as Juvederm and Botox are in the lead.

Most plastic surgeons will agree with Cavale that those who choose facial rejuvenation procedures are in a different demographic as compared to patients in their twenties and thirties.

The most telling information in this published article is that those over 55 who seek a cosmetic surgery procedure do so not to alter their facial features to turn back the clock decades, but rather the yearning to look “less tired” and refreshed is key.

While Cavale succinctly conveyed that patients want to “look better, not younger,” many would agree with this while also adding that any facial rejuvenation being performed affords natural looking results for the most optimal patient satisfaction.

 

23Dec, 2015

Holidays: Cosmetic Procedure Time

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Holidays: Cosmetic Procedure Time
When one thinks of the holiday season, they often conjure up images in their mind of shopping, decorating their home, office parties, and family gatherings. The holidays are a precursor to celebrating the New Year.

While these festivities move full steam ahead, a recent press release floating around cyberspace indicated that the month of December is also one where there is a marked increase in plastic surgery procedures.

Reporter, Rachel Gross from Slate, indicated to her readers that when she first saw the press release, she thought it was gag of some sort. But as she read on, she realized it was anything but a joke.

She wrote, “People really do get more plastic surgeries in December. Surgeons consistently report a surge in people coming to them for procedures at this time of year, with treatments and surgeries often increasing by 20 to 30 percent.”

So why is this so?

According to the research consensus on this subject, December affords so many people long stretches of vacation time, particularly toward the end of the month. For an operative facial procedure such as a lower limited facelift, temporal lobe lift, eyelid surgery, or neck lift surgery, there is some bruising and swelling which can last up to two weeks. Following this downtime, people can return to work with limited swelling and any residual bruising can easily be camouflaged with a touch of makeup.

And operative facial rejuvenation procedures are actually the most sought after during the month of December. During the holidays, avoiding co-workers and others during the recovery stretch can be done far easier than the rest of the year.

And for those interested in body contouring procedures such as a breast augmentation, a patient can be back to the workplace or even be part of the holiday festivities a week or so after her procedure.

And speaking of the holidays, gift buyers such as significant others are purchasing a “treatment gift certificate” for whatever procedure their recipient wants.

While operative procedures were mentioned in the research and media, it’s also important to point out the large role cosmetic injections have made in the world of plastic surgery. Many have opted to have either fillers or Botox done in the early part of the month to have them looking their best during the holidays.

Cosmetic injections require no downtime. Minimal redness and bruising may be apparent for some a couple days following the procedure. A skilled hand such as a board certified plastic surgeon or one of their highly skilled injectable nurses adeptly deliver fillers and Botox for optimal results and minimal side-effects such as bruising.

While one group has benefited from these liquid facelifts, others have chosen a series of chemical peels before the holidays so their facial canvas is smooth and luminous. Generally, it’s recommended to have a chemical peel about two weeks before an event.

The holidays are a time for celebration, but it also seems it is the time for someone to celebrate themselves through their own gift of aesthetics.

18Dec, 2015

Rejuvenation: A Temporal Brow Lift

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 Rejuvenation: A Temporal Brow Lift

A forehead lift is a common operative facial rejuvenation procedure, but another surgery which is doing an excellent job in providing a youthful appearance above and around the eyes is a temporal brow lift. This procedure, growing more in demand, helps restore a well-rested appearance which affords patients with a more renewed and younger look.

With the hand of an experienced board certified plastic surgeon that specializes in facial surgery, redundant skin is removed and muscles which are repositioned does smooth out and redefine facial contours along the upper portion of the face.

It’s also common for one undergoing a temporal brow lift to also have an upper eyelid surgery since they do complement each other. However, each patient has their own unique aesthetic needs, and this may not hold true for everyone. A consultation with a board certified plastic surgeon will help determine this.

Different from a forehead lift, the temporal brow lift only addresses the outer portion of the brows. Majority of brow lifts, also referred to as forehead lifts, elevate this area completely. However, a temporal lift does not. Instead, it only elevates about half of the lateral portion.

The surgical incision on each side, which is up to one inch in length, is discretely placed behind the hairline so scars are camouflaged. And as the name of the surgery suggests, the incision location is directly above the temple.

The goal of this cosmetic surgery is to provide patients with a more natural and open appearance of their eyes. Many describe the surgical outcome as a more relaxed and refreshed presence.

A consultation appointment with a plastic surgeon will help determine if a temporal brow lift versus a complete brow lift is the right procedure. During this time, the surgeon will assess the natural position of a patient’s brows by their height in comparison to one’s shape and orbital rim.

The plastic surgeon will gently perform this manually and may also take measurements.

Additionally, the surgeon will determine if the central brows are not in need of any operative elevation. If the central portion is in a good position but the lateral portion reveals a descent, then a temporal brow lift will be suggested to reshape the eyebrows and eye contours.

Many patients who decide to have this surgery often express concern at their consultation appointment about how their facial expressions appear to others. This may include the following:

·       Worried
·       Tired
·       Upset

The above characteristics are not what people want to portray to the workplace, family, friends, and new people they meet. Even more so, when they are well-rested, they are often asked if they are tired because they appear that way. Of course, these surgical candidates prefer a more positive looking appearance.

While patients are thrilled with their surgical outcome, they are also delighted with the fact that the surgery is considered less invasive which also affords them with less risks and complications. Again, in order to assess whether a person is the right candidate for this surgery, please consult with a board certified plastic surgeon that has extensive experience in operative facial rejuvenation.

29Oct, 2015

Study Reveals Plastic Surgery Boost in Self-Esteem with Chinese Women

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Recent research noted in the JAMA Network Journals and then published in Science Daily highlighted a study regarding plastic surgery among younger Chinese women. Cosmetic surgery in China is high in demand. The most common surgeries sought after are rhinoplasty and blepharoplasty.

The study involved 161 plastic surgery patients. Additionally, “355 general population controls” and “268 facial appearance raters” also took part in the study.

The article published in JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery indicated months following their eyelid and/or nose surgery, the study group indicated feelings of elevated self-esteem and confidence. The study also revealed that these levels of confidence were lower prior to their procedures.

The impetus for this study was assessing the psychological profile of these women due to the fact that plastic surgery in China has proliferated.

Leading the study was Jincai Fan, M.D., of the Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College in Beijing. He and his coauthors assessed the following:

*Reasons for cosmetic surgery

*Expectations and effectiveness of the procedure

*Postoperative psychological conditions

According to Science Daily, “The authors report self-esteem and self-efficacy scores were lower preoperatively in young women compared with women in the general population who had not visited a plastic surgeon, but those scores increased to nearly normal levels six months after surgery.”

The study was done via a questionnaire both before surgery and then six months following the procedure. Photos of the women were taken for the purpose of the facial appearance raters. Interestingly, the facial appearance raters did not note any distinct differences between those who underwent plastic surgery from those that didn’t who were in the general population segment of the study.

The authors of the study stated, “Self-esteem and self-efficacy mediate the negative effects of self-assessment on the decision of young women to undergo facial cosmetic surgery. The impairment of self-esteem and self-efficacy may indicate the need for preoperative psychological intervention.”

In light of the plastic surgery surge in China, this study was quite interesting.

23Sep, 2015

Halting the golden years with cosmetic surgery and procedures

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Sunset

It’s only natural that individuals want to look as youthful as they possibly can. However, coupling this desire with the need to look young in corporate America, there are a slew of baby boomers whose desire turns more into a necessity.

The corporate America playing field is rife with ongoing competition from recent college graduates. Those who have clocked in the years at their career want keep a strong foothold in their position as these new candidates polish their resumes.

While not necessarily politically correct, professionals in their forties and above are experiencing the need to have a younger looking appearance. From cosmetic injections to minimally invasive lower limited facelifts, patients are welcoming a newfound sense of youth.

In the Philadelphia Inquirer, reporter Erin Arvedlund crafted an excellent article related to this topic describing the above scenario as the “top anti-retirement expense.” People are investing in themselves in the workplace.

And this is a valid statement.

She interviewed a county assistant prosecutor who was incredibly candid about how she wanted to look her best in the presence of jurors. Appearance means a great deal to people “looking the part” from head to toe. It is what some professions require.

More importantly, some professionals don’t want to retire because they enjoy their work and current lifestyle. Their work may give them a sense of purpose.

On the flipside, as the cost of living and college tuitions continue to climb, workers may need to punch the time clock a little longer.

Frown lines and other wrinkles may give a stern expression which can be treated with popular cosmetic injections such as Botox and Juvederm. If one feels these injections are not providing an optimal aesthetic outcome, then a lower limited facelift and/or fat grafting is another excellent option.

A consultation with a board certified plastic surgeon can help navigate patients toward the right procedure(s).

In her comprehensive article, Arvedlund also interviewed a representative from the American Society for Aesthetic Plastic Surgery. Leigh Hope Fountain told the reporter, “Baby boomers are having a lot of work done to stay competitive in the workplace.” She continued, “It’s very ageist, but it’s the unfortunate reality.”

Over time, there has been a significant shift in patients. While women still predominately receive facelifts, men are now walking into the surgical spotlight. According to a plastic surgeon Arvedlund spoke with, the patient ratio of 15 women undergoing a facelift is compared to one man. Not too long ago, that ratio used to be 20 women for every man.

Realizing that cosmetic surgery for baby boomers is a consistent trend, it’s important more than ever in choosing the right plastic surgeon that specializes in facial rejuvenation. Microsurgical skills and advancements have been quite impressive over the years as are the swift recovery timeframes.

With that said, finding a qualified board certified surgeon through an organization such as the American Society of Plastic Surgeons (ASPS) is a great starting point for an individual just beginning their due diligence.

12Aug, 2015

The Stages of Facial Rejuvenation

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FreeDigitalPhotos by StockImages

FreeDigitalPhotos by StockImages

As time marches on, one may begin to notice changes in their facial appearance starting as early as their thirties. And with each decade that passes, more features alter a bit more. While sunscreen and solar protection help tremendously with a premature skin aging defense, the natural process of getting older will become evident at some point.

Venturing out into the world of cosmetic procedures, please partner with a board certified plastic surgeon. They are adept in these procedures and have undergone hours of education which underscore their skill in this field.

While every individual is different, including their personal aesthetic needs, there are some commonalities as one reaches those age-related milestones.

The Thirty-Something Years

During this decade, it’s more important than ever to establish an anti-aging skin routine. On the top of the list is applying sunscreen when outdoors. Reapplying sunscreen when one is outside is optimal for skin care health.

Today’s sunscreens are featherweight and work perfectly under makeup.

The most significant changes one will notice in their thirties are fine lines at the following zones:

  • Around the eyes
  • Along the forehead and between the brows
  • Around the mouth

To help lessen these lines, this is generally the moment when one inquires about Botox and temporary fillers such as Juvederm.

The Forty-Something Realities

During this decade, there is more evidence of one’s skin beginning to change and take on a new appearance. For example, wrinkles around the eyes, mouth, and forehead deepen a bit more.

Youthful volume may also begin to diminish around cheek area, too. The side effect of this natural phenomenon is actually deeper nasolabial folds.

Cosmetic injections still play a valuable role in this age range. In regard to the cheeks, Voluma is an injectable that adds volume to the cheek area for up to two years. While Voluma adds volume, nasolabial folds may diminish as the cheeks are raised upward; however, some patients still choose to have a temporary filler in addition to the Voluma to plump up these lines.

Another treatment many look into is a series of chemical peels.

For women and men who dislike the bags under their eyes, they may consider a lower eyelid lift also referred to as a blepharoplasty. The surgery really does give patients a renewed and well-rested appearance.

Quinquagenarian And Up

When one steps into their fifties, they may begin to notice that cosmetic injections may not be providing the results they once had. It may just be too subtle.

Areas of more slack skin and loss of volume can typically be found in the following areas:

  • Neck
  • Jawline
  • Cheeks
  • Upper and lower eyelids

When a patient is ready, an operative facial procedure may be the optimal pathway. Effective microsurgical techniques have revolutionized traditional neck lifts and facelifts. And when performed by a skilled plastic surgeon, the recovery period is swift.

Oftentimes, operative facial rejuvenation also involves a facial fat transfer. This is when an area of the body (the abdomen or upper thighs) undergoes a small amount of fat retrieval via liposuction, and then the fat is redelivered to targeted areas of the face for added volume.

With so much valuable information only a click away on the Internet, it is advisable for patients to do their due diligence. Online, they can research potential doctors, read patient reviews, and make certain a doctor is a board certified plastic surgeon through sites such as the American Society of Plastic Surgeons.