Bolitho MD

9834 Genesee Ave Ste 311 La Jolla San Diego, California
Phone: (858) 458-5100


30Nov, 2015

Consensus: How To Choose A Plastic Surgeon

By: | Tags:

Consensus: How To Choose A Plastic Surgeon

A call to action for patient safety in choosing the right plastic surgeon has become a global awareness effort. In Great Britain, serious concern was raised following patient safety at Nu Cosmetic Clinic in Liverpool. The clinic no longer can conduct procedures.

Like the United States, it’s continually recommended that potential patients only seek a board certified plastic surgeon for cosmetic procedures.

A fellow of the Royal College of Surgeons, Dr. Kevin Hancock, who practices plastic surgery at Whiston Hospital is also a regarded spokesperson at the British Association of Aesthetic Plastic Surgeons (BAAPS).

In a recent article in a Liverpool Echo, reporter Joshua Taylor covers advice given by Dr. Hancock. The correlation between plastic surgery recommendations in Great Britain is aligned with the United States. Dr. Hancock also raises other important aspects which can benefit patients all around the world, including here in the United States.

To minimize risks and enhance positive surgical outcomes, Dr. Hancock recommended that individuals research their plastic surgeons and check on their records and certifications. Like the United States, Great Britain also has a register for certified plastic surgeons at the BAAPS.

It’s also highly advised not to partner with a traveling surgeon. As Dr. Hancock explains, “Some clinics use surgeons who are flown in from Europe. This is bad for continuity because your surgeon should be available at any time in case there is a problem.”

Dr. Hancock also noted that preoperative appointments should be with the plastic surgeon and no one else.

Another important point raised was making sure the operating suite was top-notch, including resuscitation equipment. In the States, operating suites should be accredited by the American Association for Accreditation of Ambulatory Surgery Facilities.

Dr. Hancock also advised that one chooses a “reputable establishment” which has had a longstanding history to help ensure continuity of care postoperatively.

“Stay away from businesses offering special deals. This isn’t selling pizza,” he said. “Clinics shouldn’t be offering Groupon vouchers, two-for-one offers or introduce-a-friend rates. That’s not appropriate.”

As mentioned before, while this sound advice comes from Great Britain, it’s sage guidance that can be used no matter where one lives.

25Nov, 2015

Actor Shines Spotlight On Body Dysmorphia

By: | Tags: , , ,

Actor Shines Spotlight On Body Dysmorphia

Reid Ewing of the hit television series Modern Family has been commended for his recent candid essay in the Huffington Post. His piece entitled, “I Underwent Cosmetic Surgery for My Body Dysmorphia… And I Wish I Hadn’t,” has received much praise and attention.

According to the Anxiety and Depression Disorder of America, body dysmorphia disorder, also referred to as BDD, is something which can impact a person’s daily life. The thought of a particular feature(s) of their body takes hold, and they are unable to shrug off the distress which looms over them.

Cosmetic surgery can provide extraordinary rejuvenation toward aesthetic goals. Those without BDD clearly understand that they must be living a healthy lifestyle. And more importantly, have realistic goals and expectations regarding the procedure that they want to embark on. While they are looking forward to a procedure such as mommy makeover, limited lower facelift, or breast augmentation, it’s not something that weighs heavily on their minds.

Clearly, the Anxiety and Depression Disorder of America indicates, “…people who have body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) think about their real or perceived flaws for hours each day. They can’t control their negative thoughts and don’t believe people who tell them that they look fine.” It continues, “Their thoughts may cause severe emotional distress and interfere with their daily functioning.”

The organization goes on to say that those with BDD may even undergo needless cosmetic surgical procedures to reverse a perceived flaw. And following the surgery, satisfaction does not emerge and is often followed by other procedures.

Sadly, this is what Ewing succumbed to. He took numerous selfies of himself and assessed every facial feature. At 19, Ewing had his first cosmetic surgery.

Ewing wrote, “I genuinely believed if I had one procedure I would suddenly look like Brad Pitt.” He added, “I told the doctor why I felt my face needed cosmetic surgery and told him I was an actor. He agreed that for my career it would be necessary to get cosmetic surgery. He quickly determined that large cheek implants would address the issues I had with my face, and a few weeks later I was on the operating table.”

Dissatisfied with the surgical outcome, Ewing goes on to say how he sought out another plastic surgeon.

“The next one I found was even less qualified, but I didn’t care; I just wanted out of my situation,” he wrote.

At 20, this particular surgery was for a chin implant.

Following the removal of implants, Ewing said he then underwent fat transfers and fillers.

“Of the four doctors who worked on me, not one had mental health screenings in place for their patients, except for asking if I had a history of depression, which I said I did, and that was that,” he wrote. Ewing added, “None of the doctors suggested I consult a psychologist for what was clearly a psychological issue rather than a cosmetic one or warn me about the potential for addiction.”

Ewing pointed out like many professionals do that those with BDD may become addicted to plastic surgery.

For those in the field of plastic surgery and mental health, we applaud Ewing for his bravery and his ability to raise awareness to an important health issue. It shines a spotlight for potential patients to locate board certified plastic surgeons who will only have their best interest at heart.


22Nov, 2015

Various Breast Implants For Augmentation

By: | Tags:

Various Breast Implants For Augmentation

Women find that breast augmentation can redefine their silhouette. And each woman’s reason for undergoing the procedure is distinct and personal. While some feel that the augmentation will provide rejuvenation after having had children, others may realize in their twenties that they want to change the upper portion of their physique.

When a woman begins to seriously consider breast augmentation, finding a board certified plastic surgeon that specializes in breast surgery is the first step. The next is scheduling a consultation.


The Right Implant Size

A consultation is not only a time to learn more about the procedure, but it is a patient’s opportunity to interview the surgeon. In regard to breast augmentation, while a woman may have preconceived ideas as to what bra size she would like to ultimately be, the plastic surgeon will actually measure her for an implant size. This is done by calculating the base width of a woman’s breast.

Following this, a patient will discuss with the surgeon options in implant profiles. For those who want subtle enhancement, choosing a moderate implant may be the best choice. However, for patients wanting a more noticeable augmentation, then implants in the high profile category may offer more for her aesthetic goals.

A plastic surgeon specializing in breast augmentation will offer an array of options from a patient to choose from while providing their own expert opinions and this also includes what type of implant would be best.


FDA Approves New Saline Implant

Variations of breast implants are continually finessed and approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Recently, the FDA approved a medical device called the Ideal Implant. It was also approved by Health Canada.

Apparently, the goal of the Ideal Implant is to provide the visual structure of silicone gel but through the use of saline. While the FDA has deemed silicone gel implants to be safe, some women prefer saline. Again, it’s a personal preference.

Saline implants have been widely used for breast enhancement, but in some cases, patients have commented on a rippling effect of the implant. While this has improved over the years, manufacturers like the ones who have produced New Implant have created an internal component which is completely dissimilar from the traditional ones. For example, this implant consists of two distinct outer and inner saline cavities. In between these filled cavities are implant shells. The goal of this construction was to promote a natural implant look and movement.

Over the years, saline breast implants have made considerable strides and will continue to do so.


Silicone Gel Implants

Silicone gel implants have been widely used for both breast augmentation and breast reconstruction due to its construction. Likewise, they are considered to look more and feel more like true breast tissue which in turn has offered patient satisfaction for those that choose them.

Another item a plastic surgeon will discuss with their patient is how saline may be filled intraoperatively. Silicone gel implants are already pre-constructed and filled by the manufacturer.

Elective surgery affords patients the time they need to make the best decision which is right for them.

14Nov, 2015

Antidepressants: Study Examines Meds Before Cosmetic Surgery

By: | Tags: , , ,

Antidepressants: Study Examines Meds Before Cosmetic Surgery

A recent study published in Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, a medical journal by the American Society of Plastic Surgeons, outlined a study indicating that there was no strong evidence suggesting that continuing antidepressants before cosmetic surgery would increase a patient’s risk intraoperatively or postoperatively. The study was conducted by Dr. Isabel Teo of Ninewells Hospital in Dundee along with Christopher Tam Song, a medical student at University of Edinburgh.

According to Science Daily which used Wolters Kluwer Health as its source, “Antidepressant use has increased in recent years, with one study reporting that 1 out of 10 U.S. adults and adolescents use these medications. Rates of antidepressant use may be even higher among patients undergoing cosmetic plastic surgery, or patients with breast cancer undergoing breast reconstruction.” It continued, “While plastic surgeons are alert for use of medications that might increase complications, such as blood thinners, they are typically not concerned about antidepressants.”

Antidepressants help adjust certain brain chemicals which alleviate a person’s mood disorder or specific behavior(s). This prescription drug can help with an array of conditions such as anxiety, depression, obsessive compulsive disorder, PTSD, ADHD, and more.

Additionally, antidepressants have been known to treat symptoms such as hot flashes, fibromyalgia, premenstrual symptoms, and neuropathy.

Antidepressants have benefited many individuals in a variety of ways, so a study such as this one is incredibly useful to both doctors and their patients.

The research article went on to say that Dr. Teo and Song crafted a comprehensive study which included various statistics and data regarding the relationship between cosmetic surgery risks and antidepressants. A total of 26 studies were part of the research. Different levels of study included:

  • Bleeding
  • Risk of breast cancer
  • Breast cancer outcome
  • Enlargement of the breasts

The study focused particularly on antidepressants categorized as SSRI, also known as selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors.

In reference to bleeding, Dr. Teo and Song assessed two groups of patients: over 34,000 breast reconstruction patients following breast cancer surgery and more than 2,500 cosmetic surgery patients. The results for bleeding were deemed inconsistent.

The report also indicated, “So while the evidence doesn’t rule out an increase in bleeding risk, stopping antidepressants before surgery–especially the widely used selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs)–might worsen depression symptoms…” They added, “Therefore, routine discontinuation of antidepressants before surgery in the absence of a careful evaluation should be avoided.”

In the breast cancer risk category, the results were again determined as conflicting for antidepressant users. While there was some moderate increase, others indicated no correlation.

For breast cancer outcomes, the study gleaned information about those taking tamoxifen to help reduce the recurrence of breast cancer. Researchers found no indication that antidepressants triggered a “drug combination” reaction.

Enlargement of the breasts was another area of the study. Any correlation of increased size was attributed to weight gain, a side effect of SSRI.

The report findings also cited, “While acknowledging the limitations of the available data, Dr. Teo and Mr. Song note their review finds no consistent evidence of increased complications related to antidepressants.” It added, “The risks of stopping prescribed antidepressant therapy in ‘psychologically vulnerable’ patients likely outweigh any increase in complications.

6Nov, 2015

San Diego County Medical Society chooses Dr. D. Glynn Bolitho as 2015 “Top Doctor”

By: | Tags:

San Diego County Medical Society chooses Dr. D. Glynn Bolitho as 2015 “Top Doctor”

Dr. D. Glynn Bolitho Recognized As “Top Doctor” Four Years In A Row

Dr. D. Glynn Bolitho was selected by his peers from the San Diego County Medical Society as one of the best physicians in San Diego. Results were published in a recent special annual edition of San Diego Magazine entitled, “Health Heroes: Top Doctors 2015,” which highlighted the leaders who have made significant medical contributions.

Dr. Bolitho has received this esteemed recognition for a total of four consecutive years. In the category of plastic surgery, Dr. Bolitho was one of six doctors recognized in this specialty and remains honored to be in the company of such extraordinary surgeons.

Having practiced cosmetic surgery for more than 20 years, he is quadrupled certified in plastic surgery in the United States, Canada, Great Britain, and South Africa. Dr. Bolitho is considered as one of the leading international authorities in the area of aesthetic plastic surgery.

In 2014 and 2015, Dr. Bolitho was also chosen as Top Doctor for Castle Connolly Medical Ltd.

Dr. Bolitho’s passion in medicine is derived from providing individualized treatment to his patients, while refining traditional procedures to afford patients an array of options and unparalleled aesthetic results.

Once again, congratulations to Dr. Bolitho for his numerous accolades as Top Doctor.

To learn more about Dr. Bolitho, please visit or call (858) 458-5100.

29Oct, 2015

Study Reveals Plastic Surgery Boost in Self-Esteem with Chinese Women

By: | Tags: , ,

Recent research noted in the JAMA Network Journals and then published in Science Daily highlighted a study regarding plastic surgery among younger Chinese women. Cosmetic surgery in China is high in demand. The most common surgeries sought after are rhinoplasty and blepharoplasty.

The study involved 161 plastic surgery patients. Additionally, “355 general population controls” and “268 facial appearance raters” also took part in the study.

The article published in JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery indicated months following their eyelid and/or nose surgery, the study group indicated feelings of elevated self-esteem and confidence. The study also revealed that these levels of confidence were lower prior to their procedures.

The impetus for this study was assessing the psychological profile of these women due to the fact that plastic surgery in China has proliferated.

Leading the study was Jincai Fan, M.D., of the Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College in Beijing. He and his coauthors assessed the following:

*Reasons for cosmetic surgery

*Expectations and effectiveness of the procedure

*Postoperative psychological conditions

According to Science Daily, “The authors report self-esteem and self-efficacy scores were lower preoperatively in young women compared with women in the general population who had not visited a plastic surgeon, but those scores increased to nearly normal levels six months after surgery.”

The study was done via a questionnaire both before surgery and then six months following the procedure. Photos of the women were taken for the purpose of the facial appearance raters. Interestingly, the facial appearance raters did not note any distinct differences between those who underwent plastic surgery from those that didn’t who were in the general population segment of the study.

The authors of the study stated, “Self-esteem and self-efficacy mediate the negative effects of self-assessment on the decision of young women to undergo facial cosmetic surgery. The impairment of self-esteem and self-efficacy may indicate the need for preoperative psychological intervention.”

In light of the plastic surgery surge in China, this study was quite interesting.

22Oct, 2015

How Some Women Experience Breast Pain In Sports

By: | Tags: , , , ,

How Some Women Experience Breast Pain In Sports

In the world of competition, women continue to break barriers and records in sports. For many, athletics is part of their lifestyle, and for others, their profession and livelihood. A recent article published by the Telegraph UK was an eye opener in terms of how many women involved in sports struggle with breast pain.

A portion of the article was dedicated to equestrians.

According to Radhika Sanghani of the Telegraph UK, a group of British Women admitted to having stopped participating in a particular sport due to breast pain.

“Last year a study from the University of Portsmouth’s Breast Health Research Group found that one in five women said breast pain was a barrier to exercise,” Sanghani wrote. She continued, “The same researchers are now working on a study about horse riding specifically, which will be launched in the next couple of months. Preliminary information from the study suggests that high numbers of riders struggle with breast pain – but Dr. Jenny Burbage, one of the researchers, tells me women participating in many sports tend to experience discomfort.”

Women who are naturally large chested may very well experience pain and find it awkward participating in sports. A client of mine, who was an equestrian and rode dressage for more than a decade, admitted the discomfort she experienced.

“It’s no surprise to me that this study in the United Kingdom revealed these numbers,” Ms. M said. “While I don’t ride anymore due to back issues, when I did it, there was discomfort. And despite whatever bra I wore, even one that was professionally fitted, there was never enough support for DDD.”

Ms. M admits she had never really thought about a breast reduction surgery at the time.

“Riding my horse was more of a hobby, but if I rode more, I would have definitely considered it,” she said. “I always felt that even my riding posture was off due to the weight I had to carry, too.”

In the article, it was also mentioned how some women may find how their athletic performance could be hindered due to breast pain, as well.

For women who live every day in discomfort because of this heavy weight, they not only complain about how challenging it is to take part in sports, but also in exercising. Additionally, finding fashionable garments which fit appropriately can be a quite a task.

Moreover, women who must carry this weight can suffer from the following:

  • Neck pain
  • Back pain
  • Headaches

And more….

The article also made an interesting point that many athletes may not admit to the discomfort they feel. Sadly, a stigma may be present. And hopefully, through educational articles this stigma can be eradicated.

From the riding arena to the tennis courts, the publication also made mention of Simona Halep, who is considered a tennis celebrity. In her late teens, reports indicate she decided to undergo a breast reduction surgery from a 34DD to 34C.

She candidly told the press, which was also highlighted in the Telegraph UK, that prior to her surgery her skill on the courts was compromised.

She added, “My ability to react quickly was worse and my breasts made me uncomfortable.”

Following breast reduction surgery and full recovery, her ranking at 57 leapt to 4 in Paris.

It’s only natural that when people hear about breast reduction surgery that they think of aesthetics. But truly, breast reduction surgery should also be viewed as providing relief to women who have endured so much discomfort and pain.

16Oct, 2015

Otoplasty: Helping People of All Ages

By: | Tags: , , ,

Otoplasty: Helping People of All Ages

So many individuals be it adults or children want to improve the shape or placement of their ears. While cosmetic procedures can be transforming, the surgery can also correct ear defects that individuals were born with.

Like all cosmetic procedures, there is artistry to otoplasty. The skill sets of a plastic surgeon can help balance and reshape a person’s ears.

At any age, this type of surgical correction can help enhance someone’s life through a newfound sense of self-confidence.

Candidates for this ear surgery are in two categories: children and adults.

For patients who are children, surgery typically begins as early as five years of age. During this age, doctors consider the ear cartilage established for surgical revision. Plastic surgeons also want to make certain that the child is free from ear infections and healthy overall.

Another point worth mentioning is how during the infancy stages, a newborn can have their ears altered because the cartilage is more pliable. However, after this newborn phase, the cartilage becomes less pliable so this is not an option nor is surgery.

Generally, children become surgical candidates when they turn five. For other children, they may need to wait another year or so.


For adults and older children, generally in their teen years, otoplasty candidates usually fall under the following categories:

  • Are healthy and live a healthy lifestyle
  • Do not smoke as smoking can impede healing
  • Have realistic expectations about their ear surgery


Recently, a very informative article published by Live Science underscored how children are requesting ear surgery to sidestep nasty teasing by others. Their reporter, Sara G. Miller of Live Science, interviewed the chief of pediatric plastic surgery at NYU Langone Medical Center in NYC, Dr. David Staffenberg, for some insight.

And she did just that.

Apparently, what triggered this article was the recent story about a young boy from Utah who underwent ear surgery, and the story lit up cyberspace headlines. Mothers and fathers chimed in on such a surgical decision making many wonder whether or not having a child undergo such a procedure was necessary.

In her article, Miller referred to a story about this young boy originally published by Inside Edition. The boy, a target of bullying, was being told by other children at his school that he had “elf ears.”

Out of pure concern, the parents decided to move forward with the surgery because they were deeply concerned about the adverse effects from the nonstop bullying.

Dr. Staffenberg told Miller otoplasty is growing more common, and he also shared that parents should not feel an emotional struggle. But as many parents know, that can be easier said than done.

He told Miller, “One of the confusing things parents battle with is the incorrect notion that this kind of surgery is for vanity, or purely cosmetic.

Miller dug deeper and interviewed the chief of the Division of Plastic Surgery at Columbia University in New York City, Dr. Jeffrey Ascherman. He concurred with Dr. Staffenberg.

He told Live Science that one could argue that otoplasty could be considered reconstructive surgery. And from a medical point of view, this is an excellent and valid opinion.

10Oct, 2015

Tips to Choosing a Plastic Surgeon

By: | Tags: , ,

Tips to Choosing a Plastic Surgeon

While the cosmetic surgery industry continues to soar with the demand for non-operative and operative procedures, the need for filtering out the best San Diego plastic surgeons remains of the utmost importance. There are a plethora of doctors who can perform plastic and reconstructive surgery, but it’s vital to note that one interested in a procedure should only use a doctor who is a board certified plastic surgeon.

Compared to other medical specialties such as cardiology, oncology, and dermatology, board certified plastic surgeons have undergone rigorous training in this field. Likewise, while they have been exposed to an array of specialties, each doctor truly hones in on their area of expertise.

While it’s important to make certain that a plastic surgeon is certified with the American Board of Plastic Surgery, it’s also crucial to see how far up the “professional chain” a surgeon is recognized. Areas in this category include researching if the plastic surgeon is a member in good standing with organizations such as the American Society of Plastic Surgeons and/or American Society for Aesthetic Plastic Surgery. These sites offer additional comprehensive information about plastic surgeons. As well, board certified plastic surgeons must be well regarded with their education, skill, and respected by their peers in order to become a member.

Often overlooked is logging onto the plastic surgeon’s website which is considered an extension of a doctor’s office. Peruse the site, research the doctor, and visit their patient gallery under particular procedures such as facelifts and mommy makeovers. While online, it’s also a sound idea to visit patient reviews.

When one is about to embark on booking a consultation with the plastic surgeon of their choice, play close attention to the front office. Remember, this part of the medical practice is the frontlines and the individuals a potential patient will be dealing with during their plastic surgery journey. If the front office seems to be unprofessional or unfriendly, do take this into consideration as to whether or not to move forward with the scheduling at this particular office.

At a consultation, this is an individual’s time to be thoroughly candid with their aesthetic desires. If possible, bring someone to the consultation as an extra sounding board and don’t neglect to have questions prepared beforehand for the doctor.

At a glance, here are some items to discuss during the initial consultation:

  • The doctor answers all questions
  • The doctor has a friendly demeanor
  • If the doctor is running late with the appointment time, that they extend a sincere apology
  • The doctor spends quality time during the consultation
  • The doctor explains in detail the procedure and technique(s) which will be used
  • The doctor explains pain control if a surgery is recommended
  • The doctor explains the recovery timeframe and risks
  • The doctor shares hospital privileges that they have
  • The doctor shares where the surgery will be performed (surgical suite or hospital)

Another item a patient may not ask but is privy to is whether or not the plastic surgeon has scheduled a vacation or conference around one’s surgery date. Generally, one will want to make certain their surgeon will be on hand about a month or so after surgery. Follow-up postsurgical appointments are necessary so do be sure one is being seen by their surgeon and not a doctor “on call” or “covering” for them while they are away.

During the course of the consultation, the plastic surgeon may have a patient concierge on hand to help navigate the appointment and offer more information about the surgery. Remember, this is a consultation and in no way should one feel pressured or “upsold” into any treatment or procedure.

Cosmetic surgery is just that….a surgery. Do collect all the necessary information, make preparations before and after the procedure, do research, and when the time is right, then schedule the surgery with the right board certified plastic surgeon.


2Oct, 2015

Breast Reconstruction: Breaking the Silence

By: | Tags: , , ,

Breast Cancer Cause Concept

When celebrities step forward and speak publicly regarding an issue, their words can make a profound impact. It brings not only awareness and dialog, but it can also raise funds toward a cause. While breast cancer awareness has been in the media spotlight, particularly during the month of October, celebrity Christina Applegate was one of the first to talk about her bilateral mastectomy and breast reconstruction surgery.

Not long after, in 2013 Angelina Jolie Pitt made her public announcement about her double mastectomy and reconstructive surgery because of her positive BRCA1 gene test results. Like other women who test positive for this test, Jolie Pitt wanted to eradicate the possibility of being diagnosed with breast cancer one day and was proactive in her decision to have the surgery.

It’s important to note that not all women who are diagnosed with BRCA1 decide to go to a plastic surgeon for this reconstructive procedure.  Others opt to have regular diagnostic screening, including MRIs.

With that said, Jolie Pitt’s announcement lit up media headlines around the world. It also fueled various studies.

For example, a research study from Austria recently emerged wanting to calculate how Jolie Pitt’s candid announcement trickled down to other women.

In Live Science, reporter Sara G. Miller revealed how the study showed that 92.6 percent of women were aware of a breast reconstruction procedure for those who lost one or both breasts due to cancer. Before Jolie Pitt’s public announcement the statistics were at 88.9 percent.

A total of 1,000 Austrian women took part in the study which was available online.

There was a poll taken one month prior to Jolie Pitt’s announcement and researchers wanted to see the effect immediately following the media coverage.

Head researcher of the study and assistant professor of plastic surgery at the Medical University of Graz in Austria, Dr. David Lumenta, said in a statement, “This is the first prospective report to prove the media’s effect on the healthcare-related issue of breast cancer among the general public.”

Because of the one-month retake of the poll, Lumenta described the study as a serendipitous design.

Other aspects comparing the two polls included awareness that one could have reconstruction using their own tissue versus breast implants. This increased from 57.6 to 68.9 percent; and approximately 1/5 of poll takers said Jolie Pitt’s announcement brought them a higher awareness toward breast cancer.

In a 2014 research study in the United Kingdom, numbers reflected a double increase in the demand for BRCA1 genetic testing. And those who wanted to learn more about prophylactic mastectomies and breast reconstruction were also noted to be on the rise.

Miller writes, “Another 2014 study found that although 75 percent of Americans were aware of Jolie Pitt’s announcement and surgery, less than 10 percent of the respondents fully understood how the BRCA gene affected her risk for the disease.” She went on to quote Lumenta in her article, “Since individual choice will become a driving force for patient-centered decision-making in the future, cancer specialists should be aware of public opinion when consulting patients with breast cancer.”

Frankly, anytime a celebrity opens up about their health struggles including breast cancer, infertility, or other diseases, it triggers knowledge and the desire to learn more. And knowledge is empowerment.